Library of Ahmet III / Enderun Library

A foundation library bestowed to the benefit of the Enderûn Palace School students was built by Sultan Ahmet III (1703-1730), replacing the former Pool Pavilion. The Arabic poem in six verses inscribed on the main gate of this building, which is the first library established on the Palace premises, situated in the centre of the Enderûn Courtyard, points out to 1719 as the date of its construction, according to the result of numerological calculations. It is explained in the epigraph that Sultan Ahmet III had this dwelling, destined to collect books, built at his own expense as a good deed to serve the lofty ideal of encouraging the learning of science.Also called Enderûn Library, the building consists of a central space with a domed rooftop towering over a vaulted sub-structure. The construction has been extended through iwans on its three sides.  The exterior façade is marble coated. It is surrounded by two fountains, one on the building side, and the other on the courtyard side. This building, as a part of the premises of the Palace, is the finest example of the Tulip Era pavilion architecture, which survived without losing its characteristic features.Sultan Ahmet III Library’s interior is decorated with 16th Century Iznik tiles. The tiles were brought here from other imperial palaces and mansions in Istanbul. The domes and vaults are ornamented with vegetal motifs manufactured through the malakâri - decorative plasterwork - technique characteristic of the Tulip Era. Window and door wings are ivory inlaid with classic geometrical patterns. Window and door frames are covered with 17th Century concatenated tiles; ceilings are stone inlaid with geometric figures, such as the Baghdad and Revan Pavilions. Silver wire caged built-in book cabinets are located between the windows.  The library’s book collection consisting of books originating from the private treasure of Sultan Ahmet III, and the books endowed by Sultan Abdülhamit I and Sultan Selim III was conserved here until 1965, date after which it was integrated into the collection of the Palace Library.