Courtyard of the Queen Mother

The Paved Courtyard of the Queen Mother (the Vâlide Sultan) was for centuries at the center of the life of the Ottoman dynasty and of the Harem, particularly the women of the Harem’s upper class. It is believed that the buildings extending along the Golden Road side of this courtyard were constructed in the 15th century and the first half of the 16th century. When the Apartment of the Queen Mother and the bathhouse were constructed in the 16th century, this area became an enclosed inner courtyard.