Courtyard and Kiosk of Osman III

The construction of the Courtyard and Kiosk of Osman III, started in the 1750s under Mahmud I. The construction which divided the Harem garden was completed by Osman III as a terrace resting on high pillars. This construction which linked the Harem’s main wall to the façade is the only structure of Harem protruding toward the Hasbahçe. This courtyard marking the beginning of the 18th century construction style and going beyond classical architectural standards because of the narrow space involved is embellished by a marble pool and flower beds. This courtyard possessing a latticed bower is the only architectural vestige which gives an idea of the public life depicted in Ottoman landscapes under Western influence. After the courtyard, the Harem’s traditional aspect with consoles, porticos and loggias was changed and the façade of the Throne Room, which opened onto the courtyard, was covered with pen ornamentation. The triple-space arrangement consisting of a main room projecting in the middle flanked by a room on either side, a representative specimen of the 18th century, was the Kiosk of Osman III. This wooden Kiosk àssumed, under Mahmud II, the aspect of a wooden kiosk in the Empire style with lath and plaster work and projecting eaves, the walls of which being decorated with twisted leaves and architectural designs up to the level of the day openings. The refined gilded rococo curves of cupboards, ceilings and window recesses and lateral rococo walls and the tiles with small violet roses inside the plaster chimneys date from the beginning of the construction. Furthermore, rose marble panels between vertical sash windows, gilded wooden frames and stone mosaic revet-tings on flanking balconies indicate that the details of western art were applied harmoniously. The door on the main axis of the kiosk opens onto the courtyard. A corridor with windows and vaults connects the Kiosk the Courtyard to the Harem.